In this post from our photography studio in Alicante – Pittaluga Photography, we want to offer you a useful and complete information that will help you when choosing a photography camera. In our next articles we will expand the information of each one of the issues that we here outline succinctly. We leave you with our tips when buying a camera…

What photography camera should I buy?

When going to buy a camera we all have done this question, especially when we are starting and do not have much knowledge of photography.

We explain what we should look at when making your decision.

The first two questions one should ask and decide are: One, What am I going to use it for?, and two, how much budget do I have?

The answer to the first question is, if it is going to be for private use (family photos, memories, trips, etc.), with a compact camera it will be more than enough. You’ll save weight and volume.

Now, if photography is your hobby and you want to progress in the world of photography by acquiring technical knowledge to create quality photographs, you have to think of a SLR camera. In both cases we advise you to buy the best you can considering the highest quality sensor and objective lenses.

Where should I spend my budget? When buying a compact camera, almost the entire budget will go the camera, leaving something for memory cards, spare battery, tripod and if it is possible for a small external flash the will always be more powerful than the one incorporated in the most of the compact ones. But if you are going to buy an SLR, here the budget must be divided for several things: the body of the camera, quality lenses, (usually the objectives that the brands offer with the pack -camera + lens- are low quality), tripod firm, powerful external flash and memory cards.

Next, you should think about the features you will not use and you will pay if the camera has them, but do not miss those that will be essential for you.

Compact cameras

Currently there are many brands and models in the market with good features.

Within the compact, which are those that do not have removable objectives, we find a group of semi-SLR cameras that, due to their features and the size of their sensor, resemble SLRs.

 

For example, the sensor of the compact Canon G12 is a type CCD of 1 / 1,7” (7,44×5,58 mm) and the Canon G1X (semi SLR) has a sensor of type CMOS of 18,7x14mm, six times larger.

SLR cameras

The SLR cameras main features are different focal lenses can be exchanged, they have a larger sensor than the compact ones and we can see the image directly through the viewfinder wich uses a mirror and a pentaprism.

 

 

In the end, each one will choose the brand and model that best fits their budget and needs. But mainly you should not miss in a camera to make good photos is mainly:

It is very important to pay attention at the Quality of the lenses because it is where the light of our images go through, and the less diffraction, the better the result. This is why it is necessary to look for the ones manufactured by prestigious brands like Canon, Nikon, Olympus or Sony.

The larger the sensor is, better image quality. At the same number of pixels, the larger the size of the sensor is, the more quality the photosensors that capture the light, and therefore the closer it will come to the reality of the image. Other characteristics of the sensor are the type of technology manufacturing, CCD or CMOS, currently the CMOS is being imposed on the CCD. The greater sensitivity range of the Sensor is, greater the possibilities to take photographs in low light.

The Focal Length (Optical Zoom). A 24-120mm lens has a 5x zoom (24×5 =120), the same as a 36-180mm lens (36×5=180), the difference is the first has more angular, the number of objects that enter in the frame is greater, and the second more telephoto, you can photograph more distant objects. Knowing this we can choose the one interests us the most. Flee from the Digital Zoom that is nothing more than an enlargement of the picture like the one can be done in the computer, with the consequent loss of quality.

Luminosity of the objective (f/ value). The lower the f/ value, the higher the brightness, which will make easier to take pictures in low light situations without using the flash. A f/ value 2.0 is brighter than another one of f/ 3.5.

The Megapixels should not dazzle us, a compact with 10Mp will be more than enough, and surely the sensor will have better response than another of the same size with more pixels.

We should not make a decision based on the maximum ISO number that the brand announces. We must check up to what ISO value of our images has an acceptable noise and not make them useless. For this we will look for example images on the Internet.

Image stabilizer allows us to avoid trepidated or moved photographs.

Manual Controls. If we already have knowledge acquired for it, we are going to be able to handle parameters manually such as f/ (aperture of the diaphragm), shutter speed (time the shutter allow the light go through), and ISO (control to increase brightness).

The RAW format is like the negative of the old reel cameras. A RAW file contains all the information of the image captured by the sensor, without any compression or reduction. All this digital information will allow us to edit later, with the appropriate programs, with better results than JPG file which is already a compressed file in where much of the information captured by the sensor has already been lost. The main problem with the RAW format is that it is not standardized by the different brands, which can make it difficult to edit with the programs.

We hope that all this detailed information has helped you, if you still want more detailed information do not hesitate to visit our Pittaluga Photography studio in Alicante or you can also call us and we will be happy to assist you.